The role of economic development in improvements of Cambodian housing conditions


  • Florian Gerth Asian Institute of Management, Makati, Manila, Philippines
  • Karol S. Sikora CEO of Neacemka, Phnom Penh, Cambodia



Economic Development; Real Estate Economics; Regional and Urban Economics; Statistical Yearbook of Cambodia


In the past, investing in housing has served as an engine of growth for many economies as it is widely recognized that poor housing conditions can have significant negative impacts on human health, education, and economic opportunities. To assess the housing-related quality of life, indicators such as housing quality, housing environment, and cost burdens can be applied. However, recent studies indicate that materials used for construction are critical. Permanent materials, as opposed to temporary materials, typically offer a range of benefits in terms of durability, low maintenance, improved energy efficiency, increased property value, and better safety. The ultimate aim is to identify the key drivers of housing conditions in Cambodia, with a particular focus on materials and water quality, and the legal status of housing. To find the empirical relationship between economic, socio-economic, and demographic variables on the one hand, and variables measuring housing and living conditions in Cambodia on the other, the analysis employs Ordinary Least Squares and Methods-of-Moments regression modeling. Results indicate that high employment rates and entrepreneurship increase home ownership, and improve the quality of drinking water available. Furthermore, in addition to employment and entrepreneurship, the higher-performing construction materials can also be empirically explained by a bigger labor force and variables capturing the wider macroeconomic environment.


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How to Cite

Gerth, F., & Sikora, K. S. (2023). The role of economic development in improvements of Cambodian housing conditions. Journal of Regional Economics, 2(1), 1–13.