Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018


  • Yulu Chen Sichuan Provincial Investment Group Company Limited, Sichuan Province, China
  • Qingjie Xia School of Economics, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • Shi Li School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Province, China



The Chinese Industrialization; Rural Household Income; Industrial Shift; Manufacturing Hub; Spillover Effect


This paper uses China Household Income Project rural household survey data spanning 30 years (1988-2018) to study the impact of China’s industrialization on rural household income. In the semiparametric regression model, we use the rural households’ distance to the manufacturing hub to analyze the spillover effect of industrialization on their income and the spatial attenuation. The results show that the income gap between rural households in Guangdong and other provinces increased from 1988 to 2002, but continuously decreased from 2002 to 2018; the rural households’ distance to the Pearl River Delta or the Yangtze River Delta, the two international manufacturing hubs, has a significant impact on their income, which has been increasing from 1988 to 1995, but has been decreasing since the new century. On the contrary, the influence of the rural households’ distance to the provincial capital on their income has been increasing since the new century.


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How to Cite

Chen, Y., Xia, Q., & Li, S. (2023). Impact of Industrialization on Household Income in Rural China, 1988-2018. Journal of Economic Statistics, 1(2), 14–43.